Ever-younger entrepreneurs

Ever-younger entrepreneurs

Internet, low costs lead to early-in-life startups

Zaid Farooqui cofounded Web design company Cyquester Technologies
and hired an employee in India for $400 a month – when he was in the
ninth grade.

Steven Bao sold a Facebook program to a Silicon Valley venture
capitalist and started the Facebook Developers Meetups in Boston this
summer, while reading "The Grapes of Wrath" for 10th grade honors

There have always been ambitious young entrepreneurs – Bill Gates dropped out of Harvard University to build Microsoft, and Larry Page and Sergey Brin left a PhD program at Stanford University to launch Google.

But thanks to cheap bandwidth, online advertising, broadband access,
and the ability to spread ideas through blogs or social networks, even
younger people with little funding and few connections have been
starting Internet-related companies in recent years.

"In the old days, the entrepreneurial avenues that were open to you
could have been a paper route, mow the lawns in your neighborhood, or
have a lemonade stand," said Lee Lorenzen, chief executive of Altura
Ventures. Altura bought Bao’s application, which allows people to post
virtual badges showing they have iPhones on their Facebook profiles,
and had to add an extra line in the purchase documents so his parents
could sign for their underage son.

Entrepreneurs who launch companies in puberty are anomalies, but the
Web has lowered the bar for people with skills and ideas. People don’t
need a development team or a big budget – they just need a good idea
and a laptop.

"The cool thing is it’s becoming more and more common," said Farooqui, 20, who spent the summer in Cambridge working on iJigg.com,
a music-ranking website that boasts 10 million song plays each month,
and is moving to Silicon Valley to seek financial backing with his
25-year-old brother and co-founder Shadab. "Doing an Internet startup
is like having a band – that’s my basic theory. Everyone will have them
because more than anything, it’s fun."

AFTER-SCHOOL INVENTORS View a photo gallery of young entrepreneurs at boston.com/business

The Farooqui brothers got a boost from spending this summer in
Cambridge with Y Combinator, a combination of small-scale venture firms
that operates like a startup camp for people with big ideas but little
business experience.

Y Combinator, started by entrepreneurs in 2005, helps companies
incorporate, introduces fledgling founders to investors, and doles out
funds to the budding moguls who participate in its weekly dinners,
giving striving entrepreneurs a community. Typically, the firm provides
startups $5,000, plus $5,000 per founder, in exchange for a 6 percent
stake in each company. The average entrepreneur in a Y Combinator
session is 25, and he or she need not have an advanced degree,
connections, or work experience.

Jessica Livingston, a cofounder of Y Combinator, said "we did have
an inkling" that "the face of entrepreneurship" was changing and that
younger people were going to be launching startups. "It was cheaper to
start one, and you don’t need to ask permission" from investors, she

At 18, Aaron Swartz merged his first startup with Reddit.com,
a website that ranks news items according to user preferences that was
founded by two recent college graduates, at Y Combinator. Last fall, it
was acquired by Condé Nast.

At the technology conference TiEcon 2007 in Santa Barbara, Calif.,
the chief executive of Elementeo, a company that makes a game involving
battling chemical elements, took the stage. Anshul Samar, 13, hopes to
make $1 million in revenue by eighth grade.

Bao, 15, who chose books on programming over an Xbox when he was 10
years old, is working on a number of projects, including a digital
student life organizer and Facebook applications. Though he needs to
catch a ride from his parents when he goes to networking events, he has
a formidable profile on LinkedIn, noting that he specializes in
financial management, Web development, and human asset management –
that must be when he’s not doing his summer reading or participating in
student Congress or Key Club.

In Andover, William Morse, 18, has filed a patent application for
his "hard drive zapper" – a device made of recycled disposable cameras
that promises to kill a hard drive when a computer is headed for the
dump so that identity thieves can’t recover personal information.

Morse started refurbishing computers and selling them on eBay,
hoping to accumulate enough cash while he was still living at home with
his parents to create a seed fund for some of his ideas. He worked out
a deal with the local CVS
to buy used disposable cameras for 20 cents apiece, found a
manufacturer, and then "my grandmother gave me like $100 for my
birthday, so I used that to file for patent pending."

Other young entrepreneurs skipped small projects and moved straight to successful businesses.

Sam Altman, 22, cofounded loopt, a company that uses location
technology to turn cellphones into friend-finders, with $6,000 while he
was at Y Combinator the summer after his sophomore year at Stanford.

He went on to raise $5 million and make deals with Sprint executives
– even though when he flew to the Midwest for business meetings he went
via St. Louis to borrow the family car since he wasn’t old enough to
rent one himself.

"I still get carded for R-rated movies occasionally," Altman said.



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