The destructive emotion du jour: bitterness

The destructive emotion du jour: bitterness

12:46 PM, May 19, 2009
— Shari Roan  / LATimes

You
know them. I know them. And, increasingly, psychiatrists know them.
People who feel they have been wronged by someone and are so bitter
they can barely function other than to ruminate about their
circumstances.

This behavior is so common — and so deeply destructive — that some
psychiatrists are urging it be identified as a mental illness under the
name post-traumatic embitterment disorder. The behavior was discussed
before an enthusiastic audience Monday at the annual meeting of the
American Psychiatric Assn. meeting in San Francisco.

The disorder is modeled after post-traumatic stress disorder because
it too is a response to a trauma that endures. People with PTSD are
left fearful and anxious. Embittered people, however, are left seething
for revenge.

"They feel the world has treated them unfairly. It’s one step more
complex than anger. They’re angry plus helpless," says Dr. Michael
Linden, a German psychiatrist who named the behavior.

Embittered people are typically good people who have worked hard at
something important, such as a job or a relationship or activity,
Linden says. When something unexpectedly awful happens — they don’t
get the promotion, the wife files for divorce or they fail to make the
Olympic team — a profound sense of injustice overtakes them. Instead
of dealing with the loss with the help of family and friends, they
cannot let go of the feeling of being victimized. Almost immediately
after the traumatic event, they become angry, pessimistic, aggressive,
hopeless haters.

"Embitterment is a violation of basic beliefs," Linden says. "It
causes a very severe emotional reaction…. We are always coping with
negative life events. It’s the reaction that varies."

There are only a handful of studies on the behavior, but
psychiatrists meeting Monday were in agreement that much more research
is needed on identifying and helping these people. One estimate is that
1% to 2% of the population are embittered, says Linden, who has
published several studies on the behavior.

"These people usually don’t come to treatment because ‘the world has
to change, not me,’ " Linden says. "They are almost treatment
resistant…. Revenge is not a treatment."

Nevertheless, Linden suggests that people once known as loving,
normal individuals who suddenly snap and kill their family and
themselves may have post-traumatic embitterment syndrome. That’s reason
enough for researchers to study how to treat the destructive emotion of
bitterness.

— Shari Roan 

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